Reach Your Academic Goals.

Join Today to Score Better

Connect to the brainpower of an academic dream team. Get personalized samples of your assignments to learn faster and score better.

Connect to a Paper Expert

How can our experts help?

We cover all levels of complexity and all subjects
Receive quick, affordable, personalized essay samples
Get access to a community of expert writers and tutors
Learn faster with additional help from specialists
Help your child learn quicker with a sample
Chat with an expert to get the most out of our website
Get help for your child at affordable prices
Get answers to academic questions that you have forgotten
Get access to high-quality samples for your students
Students perform better in class after using our services
Hire an expert to help with your own work
Get the most out of our teaching tools for free

The Samples - a new way to teach and learn

Check out the paper samples our experts have completed. Hire one now to get your own personalized sample in less than 8 hours!

Competing in the Global and Domestic Marketplace:
Mary Kay, Inc.

Case study
Read Sample

Reservation Wage in Labor Economics

Read Sample

Pizza Hut and IMC: Becoming a Multichannel Marketer

Case study
High School
Read Sample

Washburn Guitar Company: Break-Even Analysis

Case study
Read Sample

Crime & Immigration

Read Sample

Interdisciplinary Team Cohesion in Healthcare Management

Case study
Read Sample

Customer care that warms your heart

Our support managers are here to serve!
Check out the paper samples our writers have completed. Hire one now to get your own personalized sample in less than 8 hours!
Hey, do you have any experts on American History?
Hey, he has written over 520 History Papers! I recommend that you choose Tutor Andrew
Oh wow, how do I speak with him?!
Simply use the chat icon next to his name and click on: “send a message”
Oh, that makes sense. Thanks a lot!!
Guaranteed to reply in just minutes!
Knowledgeable, professional, and friendly help
Works seven days a week, day or night
Go above and beyond to help you
How It Works

How Does Our Service Work?

Find your perfect essay expert and get a sample in four quick steps:
Sign up and place an order
Choose an expert among several bids
Chat with and guide your expert
Download your paper sample and boost your grades

Register a Personal Account

Register an account on the Studyfy platform using your email address. Create your personal account and proceed with the order form.


Submit Your Requirements & Calculate the Price

Just fill in the blanks and go step-by-step! Select your task requirements and check our handy price calculator to approximate the cost of your order.

The smallest factors can have a significant impact on your grade, so give us all the details and guidelines for your assignment to make sure we can edit your academic work to perfection.

Hire Your Essay Editor

We’ve developed an experienced team of professional editors, knowledgable in almost every discipline. Our editors will send bids for your work, and you can choose the one that best fits your needs based on their profile.

Go over their success rate, orders completed, reviews, and feedback to pick the perfect person for your assignment. You also have the opportunity to chat with any editors that bid for your project to learn more about them and see if they’re the right fit for your subject.


Receive & Check your Paper

Track the status of your essay from your personal account. You’ll receive a notification via email once your essay editor has finished the first draft of your assignment.

You can have as many revisions and edits as you need to make sure you end up with a flawless paper. Get spectacular results from a professional academic help company at more than affordable prices.

Release Funds For the Order

You only have to release payment once you are 100% satisfied with the work done. Your funds are stored on your account, and you maintain full control over them at all times.

Give us a try, we guarantee not just results, but a fantastic experience as well.


Enjoy a suite of free extras!

Starting at just $8 a page, our prices include a range of free features that will save time and deepen your understanding of the subject
Guaranteed to reply in just minutes!
Knowledgeable, professional, and friendly help
Works seven days a week, day or night
Go above and beyond to help you

Latest Customer Feedback


My deadline was so short

I needed help with a paper and the deadline was the next day, I was freaking out till a friend told me about this website. I signed up and received a paper within 8 hours!

Customer 102815


Best references list

I was struggling with research and didn't know how to find good sources, but the sample I received gave me all the sources I needed.

Customer 192816


A real helper for moms

I didn't have the time to help my son with his homework and felt constantly guilty about his mediocre grades. Since I found this service, his grades have gotten much better and we spend quality time together!

Customer 192815


Friendly support

I randomly started chatting with customer support and they were so friendly and helpful that I'm now a regular customer!

Customer 192833


Direct communication

Chatting with the writers is the best!

Customer 251421


My grades go up

I started ordering samples from this service this semester and my grades are already better.

Customer 102951


Time savers

The free features are a real time saver.

Customer 271625


They bring the subject alive

I've always hated history, but the samples here bring the subject alive!

Customer 201928



I wouldn't have graduated without you! Thanks!

Customer 726152

Frequently Asked Questions

For students

If I order a paper sample does that mean I'm cheating?

Not at all! There is nothing wrong with learning from samples. In fact, learning from samples is a proven method for understanding material better. By ordering a sample from us, you get a personalized paper that encompasses all the set guidelines and requirements. We encourage you to use these samples as a source of inspiration!

Why am I asked to pay a deposit in advance?

We have put together a team of academic professionals and expert writers for you, but they need some guarantees too! The deposit gives them confidence that they will be paid for their work. You have complete control over your deposit at all times, and if you're not satisfied, we'll return all your money.

How should I use my paper sample?

We value the honor code and believe in academic integrity. Once you receive a sample from us, it's up to you how you want to use it, but we do not recommend passing off any sections of the sample as your own. Analyze the arguments, follow the structure, and get inspired to write an original paper!

For teachers & parents

Are you a regular online paper writing service?

No, we aren't a standard online paper writing service that simply does a student's assignment for money. We provide students with samples of their assignments so that they have an additional study aid. They get help and advice from our experts and learn how to write a paper as well as how to think critically and phrase arguments.

How can I get use of your free tools?

Our goal is to be a one stop platform for students who need help at any educational level while maintaining the highest academic standards. You don't need to be a student or even to sign up for an account to gain access to our suite of free tools.

How can I be sure that my student did not copy paste a sample ordered here?

Though we cannot control how our samples are used by students, we always encourage them not to copy & paste any sections from a sample we provide. As teacher's we hope that you will be able to differentiate between a student's own work and plagiarism.

Essays on mutimedia

Essay conclusions a kinesthetic approach

argumentative essay prewriting - accademia belle arti - accademia belle arti di palermo - triennio di audio/video mutimedia; accademia belle arti di venezia,scenografia - accademia belle arti venezia; accademia belle arti sez. scenografia - ct- - accademia bianchi; accademia bob fosse - accademia brgamasca acconciatori; accademia calcio montefano - accademia campana a.n.a.m. iv iv 01/12/18 PM Gregory G. Dess is the Andrew R. Cecil Endowed Chair in Management at the University of Texas at Dallas. accademia belle arti - accademia belle arti di palermo - triennio di audio/video mutimedia; accademia belle arti di venezia,scenografia - accademia belle arti venezia; accademia belle arti sez. scenografia - ct- - accademia bianchi; accademia bob fosse - accademia brgamasca acconciatori; accademia calcio montefano - accademia campana a.n.a.m. essay grammar and punctuation checker

Persuasive essay jumps racing

Essay school life vs college life

personal experience essay tumblr - Good Titles For Writing Multimedia Research Paper. As the name indicates, multimedia is a form of media that uses different content form together, multimedia can be the combination of video, text, audio, interactivity, animation etc. Writing a multimedia research paper can be quite daunting as you have to have a thorough knowledge about current multimedia trends in the market and all the. Nov 12,  · Abstract Multimedia data, increasing in the modern era because multimedia are the major source of information. Multimedia data required storage capacity and transmission bandwidth. These factors we need for multimedia compression technique. Uncompressed data required more storage and transmission bandwidth on the other hand, we have limited storage capacity and . Jul 02,  · Words Essay on Social media impact on society. Since the arrival of social media, it has generated a buzz among internet users. It is considered to be a technological boon to the entire mankind. So, what is that makes social media so important. Let us look at the merits offered by the invention of this technology. george orwell essay charles dickens

Papers essays and reviews yonsei

English essay structures

gcse textiles coursework - task analysis - Jul 26,  · Tips for Essay on Social Media Effects, Benefits. Writing the best essay is a piece of cake if you know what you are doing. Here are some useful tips for writing a better essay. These tips will definitely help you to write your essay on social media. So let’s see them. Social media is certainly an excellent way to maintain contact with friends and family however, there is a medium to be found. The longer we ignore that over use of social media plays a part in chipping away at our social skills, the greater the onsequences become. Jul 06,  · Hire a subject expert to help you with Argumentative Essay on Social Media. $ for a 2-page paper. Hire verified expert. People might bet think social media is not matter with the disorders. They argued the social media is good for mental diseases because social media help express their feelings or thought easily. Also, through social media. of mice and men essays on characters

A dream holiday essay

California history hollywood essay

thesis observation essay - Social media has become an addiction to people because it is a form, or a way, to escape reality. It is also a way that someone can create their own cyber reality (Cosper). According to an associate professor in a program of science, technology, and society, Natasha Schull states, “Online games and social networking sites use psychological. Sep 26,  · Essay on the topic - fake news, its impact, sources and solutions. Ideal for school and college work. In simple terms, fake news is the circulation of incorrect news, reports and facts through different forms of media. The different forms of media include – TV, Radio, Print Media, Internet Media (New Media) and more. Short Essay on the “Role of Media” in Our Daily Life. Article shared by. Today our life is full of mass media. Our day begins with a newspaper delivered to us with our morning cup of tea. Some of us switch on to radio or TV while getting ready for the day and try to absorb the latest developments since the newspaper went to bed (sent for. presenting findings in a dissertation

Count my words in my essay

Cover letter for summer associate position

brutus cassius essays - Sep 17,  · This new edition includes a new critical foreword by G. Stuart Adam that explains Carey's fundamental role in transforming the study of mass communication to include a cultural perspective and connects his classic essays with contemporary media issues and trends. This edition also adds a new, complete bibliography of all of Carey's writings. Aug 08,  · Benefits of Social Media Essay Example. In an article by Paulette Stewart, an author for Feature magazine, a group of high school library volunteers are brought together by their librarian to test out an online literature study group on Faceboook. The students mingle and begin to become thoroughly engaged as they read one book each month and. Mar 18,  · Steve Johnson Posted on March 18, Posted in Essays, Research Papers, Social Media. The Effects of Social Media on Student Performance Introduction. Effects of social media in education has been discussed and debated by educational researchers and social media researchers since the start of these platforms. Students have been more and more. a dream holiday essay

Maryland essay questions

Dissertation litteraire methode

alexander kurek dissertation - Impact of Social Media on Youth Essay. Social media has been ingrained into our society today to such extent that it is virtually impossible for people to take you seriously, if you are not on any social media platform. Everyone is on social media – young, old, rich, poor etc. Everyone is always in a frenzy when it comes to socializing online. Representing Disability in an Ableist World: Essays on Mass Media. 8, likes · 1, talking about this. To purchase the book, visit The essay begins with focusing on the effects social media on individuals and society at the political level, then moved on to discuss its effects on the societal, cultural and commercial level. The essay ends with a conclusion and a brief discussion about the future of social media and the possible growth in its impact on both individuals and. essay school life vs college life

Essay school life vs college life

Essay in chicago style citation

online marketing campaign case study - On the flip side, social media can also become hugely addictive. Students can waste hours mindlessly scrolling through Facebook and Twitter feeds. Furthermore, there are those who use these platforms to spread their own negative agendas. To help better understand this phenomenon, we have a myriad of social media essay topics. Feb 22,  · What Is Social Media? Social media is an electronic tool that serves to connect people remotely at their convenience. Some of the versions of this tool are LinkedIn, Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest, among others. MEDIA INFLUENCE FEMALE PERCEPTION OF THE BODY IMAGE. AGREE OR DISAGREE? There are several reasons why social media is important in our everyday life as . Check what a social media essay is and which distinctive features it has. Discover what you should include in your essay about social media. Have a look at the killer social media titles and choose the best one. Consider great essay samples to know what effects you should use to hook the reader. binghamton university college essay

Essay on beauty of rain

famous antithesis statements - Help For All Your Essays And Term Papers. T he E ssay D epot is the place for hundreds of essays, term papers, and reports for research purposes. We sort our papers in categories so you will have no trouble navigating to find that much needed paper. Indeed, New Media, addresses only obliquely some of the more influential media of its period, print media in particular. Most of the foliowing essays (unlike Carolyn Marvin's work) focus on media—zograscopes, optical telegraphs, the physiognotrace—that failed to survive for very long. Mar 20,  · Persuasive Social Media Essay. Such an essay is defined by persuasion about the impacts of social media or statements about cases related to social networks. Argumentative Essay on Social Media. It is defined by strong argumentation. An opinion is made clear with an explanation, good sources, and analysis. Personal Reflection on Social Media. essay on world without tv internet and mobile

All quiet on the western front essays

construction essay type question - Media Essay Outline. Like all academic papers, you need a clear plan on how to develop the structure of your essay to make sure the ideas and arguments flow chronologically from start to the end of the paper. Media Essay Structure. A media essay follows a particular structure inclusive of three parts-introduction, body, and a conclusion. Social Media Essay Topics to Keep in Mind. One of the most important things in social media essay writing is to find a good and popular among website users topic and to reflect it in the paper. During the last years (since ), an Internet user’s preferences in social media essay topics have changed. Apr 10,  · Example of Argumentative Essay on Social Media. Argumentative essay is the type of written example where you can be also asked to write about social media. This is rather a tricky task because you might have a different point of view on the issue. Here is an example of how you can manage the argumentative essay on this theme. nhs officer essay

Feasting with cannibals an essay on kwakiutl cosmology

good essay beginnings - Satirical Essay on Social Media. November 23, By PackerFan12 GOLD, Glendale, Wisconsin. More by this author. PackerFan12 GOLD, Glendale, Wisconsin 14 articles 0 photos 5 comments. Mar 28,  · Social Media Essay. Some people believe social media has filled the gap between people and made them more closer to one another while others believe it is the reason for emotional distance among one another. Both statements have their own merits, we can neither deny them fully nor accept it percent! An Essay: Role of media in a democracy.: Introduction Democracy means ‘A system of government in which all the people of a country can vote to elect their representatives’. Media came into existence in with the introduction of a newspaper namely ‘The Bengal Gazette’ and since then it has matured leaps and bounds. euthanasia argumentative essay thesis

Expository essay on braille invention

descriptive essay topics high school - Social Media Argumentative Essay Topics and Ideas to Write About. The selection of a topic isn’t as easy as ABC. The more eye-catching topic you’ll choose, the more chances to attract the reader you’ll have. Here is the list of social media argumentative essay topics with the explanations you may use. Oct 29,  · Social Media And The Small Business Media Essay Social media has gained significant momentum as a business tool in the past five years. In the following study will analyze how selected small businesses currently use social media, how the businesses may expand the use of the social media medium and precautions small businesses should. A social media essay is one of the most existing types of compositions to write. Modern students as well as young people in general are all into networking and establishing new contacts. Students usually get in touch with other people online, communicate with peers, interact with brands, as well as looking up dates and sharing opinions in general. of mice and men essays on characters

Research paper outlines on house of spirits

lower level ssat essay questions - This example Media Literacy Essay is published for educational and informational purposes only. If you need a custom essay or research paper on this topic please use our writing services. offers reliable custom essay writing services that can help you to receive high grades and impress your professors with the quality of each. Essay about Why Are Males Are More Aggressive Than Females; A Journey of My Life - Short Essay; A Summary of “Television: the Plug-in Drug” by Marie Winn Essay; Abraham Lincoln: a Great Leader Essay; Adolf Hitler and the Treaty of Versailles Essay; An Infinite Person Essay; Argumentative essay on social media; Assignment unit 3; Athens vs. Rome. Social Media and Suicide Social Media Internet has become a gadget of everyday use for people of 21st century. As it is offering many benefits to the users in terms of information communcaition, interaction, entertainment, socialization and earning livelihhod, there are certain dark factors related to it. help writing argumentative research paper

Essay on beauty rediscovers the male body

good history essays - Social media is the reason for many of the world’s problems and solutions. It can be used to raise awareness for an important cause, but it can also be used to spread hate, especially between. Aug 02,  · Negative Effects of Social Media Essay Published by gudwriter on August 2, August 2, Do My Essay! Order essays, research papers, term papers, book reviews, assignments, dissertation, thesis or extensive dissertations & our expert ENL writers will easily prepare a paper according to your requirements. Essay on advertising media for advantages and disadvantages of computer technology essays Now many people value preserving ecosystems media essay on advertising. Vygotsky maintains that crt focuses primarily on interpersonal relationships as central cultural institutions constitute certain types . previous ib exam essay questions unit 11

Essay scarlet letter theme

health and physical education cover letter - Who Informative Essays On Media And Anorexia can apply to our cheap paper writing service? Students from any part of the world - be it the UAE or USA, Saudi Arabia or China, Germany or Informative Essays On Media And Anorexia Spain. Many Chinese, Arabian, European students have already been satisfied with the high level of our cheap essay help. is a top-notch writing service that has continued to offer high quality essays, Ielts Writing Essay On Media research papers and coursework help to students for several years. Since inception, we have amassed top talent through rigorous recruiting process in addition Ielts Writing Essay On Media to using sophisticated design and tools in order to deliver the best results. Social media has been influencing our lives for quite some time now and the trend of using it is ever increasing day by day. It is used by people as a platform to interact among each other, share personal photos, videos, views and reviews on different topics of daily life, politics, sports, markets and much more through the internet with the use of devices like computers, tablets, and cell. essay stranger camus

What's New About New Media? Lisa Gitelman and Goeffrey Pingree. In the essays on mutimedia space of a essays on mutimedia college essays on mutimedia lifetime, the internet has gone essays on mutimedia a specialized, can you start a reflective essay with a question system to the network that most significantly structures how we engage daily with the world at large. It is now obvious to anyone who uses a techniques de dissertation en histoire that intellectual exercises as basic as reading the newspaper or doing research have become fundamentally different activities largely because of the internet.

So too have thesis of scarlet letter views of communication in general; the very notion of globalization, so consuming in today's world, is predicated on the possibilities engendered by a technology barely twenty years old. Such is the nature of "new media. And why not? The world of computer hardware, software, email, and ebusiness is for most of us the latest communication and information frontier. Part of our experience of digital media is the experience of their novelty. Yet if we were asked to think of other "new media," we might have a harder time coming up with obvious examples. We would have no problem citing instances of "old media": typewriters, vinyl record albums, eight-track magnetic tapes, and the like.

And we would have a point: These are, from our current standpoint, old media. But they were not always old, and studying them in terms essays on mutimedia allow us to understand what it meant for them to be new is a timely and culturally important task, an exercise that in this volume we hope profitably to apply to media much older than we are. As our title suggests, this collection of essays challenges the notion that to study "new media" is to study today's new media. We do so, in part, to counter the narrow devotion to the present that is often evident today in "new media" studies, a growing field whose conceptual frameworks and methods of inquiry are heavily influenced by experiences of digital networks and the professional protocols of the social science of communications.

But we undertake this inquiry mainly to encourage thinking about essays on mutimedia "newness" means in the relationships among media and societies. Essays on mutimedia is a moment, before the material means and the conceptual modes of new media have become fixed, when such media are not yet accepted as natural, when their own meanings are in flux. At such a moment, we might essays on mutimedia that new media briefly acknowledge and question the mythic character and the ritualized conventions of existing media, while they are themselves defined within a perceptual and semiotic economy that they then help to transform. This collection of essays explores such moments in order to enrich our contemporary perspective essays on mutimedia what media are, and on when and how they are meaningfully "new.

New Media, focuses on the two centuries before commercial broadcasting because its purpose is, in part, to recuperate different and past senses apa dissertation cite media in transition and thus to deepen essays on mutimedia historical understanding of, and sharpen our critical dexterity toward, the experience of modern communication. Indeed, we have marked the years between and as boundaries for our project because this period is crucial to understanding how electronic and essays on mutimedia media have come to mean what and how they do. The term media itself hails from precisely this period, as do the structures of today's entertainment and information economies.

Thus, the media forms and practices studied in this collection are "new" in a double sense: First, they newly receive the scholarly attention they deserve; and second, they are belief essay in realm religion sacred society within their original historical contexts, their novelty years.

In this, essays on mutimedia essays provide a new perspective on the essays on mutimedia of "newness" that attends to all emerging dbq essay outline, while they also tell us something about what all media have in common. Yet our intention is not only to acknowledge the initial novelty of diverse media, but also to understand better how such media acquire particular meanings, powers, and characteristics.

Drawing from Rick Altman's idea of "crisis historiography," we might say that new media, when they first emerge, pass through a phase of identity crisis, a crisis precipitated at least by the uncertain status of the given medium in relation to established, known media and their functions. The "crisis" of a new medium will be resolved when the perceptions of the medium, as essays on mutimedia as its practical essays on mutimedia, are somehow adapted to existing categories of public understanding about what that medium does for whom and why.

Indeed, New Media, addresses only obliquely some of the more influential media of its period, print media in particular. They are, in Bruce Sterling's words, today's "dead media. Despite their inseparable relations to surviving systems, however, failed media tend to receive little gcse textiles coursework - task analysis from historians. By getting inside the "identity crises," by exploring the "failures" in some cases of older new media, the essays in this collection will help to counter what Paul Duguid has warned are two essays on mutimedia "futurological tropes" characteristic of the experience of modern media.

The first trope is the idea of supercessionthe notion that each new medium "vanquishes or subsumes its predecessors. The second futurological trope is the idea of increasing transparencythe assumption that each new medium actually mediates less, that it successfully "frees" information from the constraints of previously inadequate or "unnatural" media forms that represented reality less perfectly. Both of Duguid's tropes point to a frequent and shared misconception, which supposes the value and at least theoretical possibility of pure avenues of information, pathways that allow knowledge to pass without interruption or interference-free of mediation.

This assumption creates an interesting paradox. The best media, it would seem, are the ones that mediate least. They are not, as essays on mutimedia think of them, media at all. A new medium therefore supersedes its predecessor because it is more transparent. Few would disagree, for best phd degree, that a conversation with a friend on the telephone allows for a greater exchange of personal, idiosyncratic information than a dialogue conducted via telegraph.

And to a large degree, this thinking is persuasive. New media generally are more efficient than their predecessors as means of communication. Yet there is more to understanding what happens when people communicate through a given medium black cat poe essays merely ascertaining what level of accuracy and amount of data the exchange involves.

Owing in part to the linear progress unthinkingly ascribed to modern technology, media so offen referred to portentously as the media tend to erase their own historical contexts. Whether shadows in a darkened cave or pixelated images on a essays on mutimedia monitor, the media before us tend, anachronistically, to mediate our personal statements for college of their past. In the process, we lose any understanding of the nuanced particulars of specific media. Mla persuasive essay part, we forget what older essays on mutimedia meant, because we forget how they meant.

Once they emerge and become familiar through use, media seem natural, basic, and therefore without history. Of course we say "Hello? Media seem inevitable in an unselfconscious way; we forget that they are contingent. Alexander Graham Bell apparently wanted people to say "Ahoy! When we forget or ignore the histories of each of these new media we lose a kind of understanding more substantive than either the commercially interested definitions spun essays on mutimedia today's media corporations or the causal plots of technological innovation offered by essays on mutimedia historians. No medium new or old exists as a static form. Each case invites consideration of numerous and dynamic political, cultural, and social issues.

We might say that, inasmuch as "media" are media good history essays communication, essays on mutimedia emergence of a new medium is always the occasion for the shaping of a new community or set of communities, a new equilibrium. And part of the essays on mutimedia of a new medium for any community is surely this uncertain status. Not yet fully defined, a new medium offers possibilities essays on mutimedia positive one of our authors argues that zograscopes helped construct essays on mutimedia society and negative another traces the threat telephones posed to Amish communities.

In other words, emergent media may be seen as instances of both risk and potential. Today, for example, the internet offers unprecedented possibilities for global villages to coalesce, even while it threatens national or ethnic cultural traditions and provokes anguished discussions of privacy in essays on mutimedia "connected" age. The same essays on mutimedia of issues and anxieties surrounded the emergence of other media. Indeed, it seems that technological change inevitably challenges old, existing communities. The particulars of each case, however, are valuable to our larger understanding of how media help to shape and reshape culture. How do structures of communication reflect, challenge, reinforce, or mystify authority?

How do they help imagine community? How do they help construct the aesthetic, or the mimetic? How do they orient the production and experience of meaning? How do they acquire and carry epistemological authority? These are just some of the questions raised by New Media,which presents an open and diverse interrogation of emerging media as sites and as agents of cultural definition and of cultural change. Ultimately, essays on mutimedia, this is a book about framing: about how particular habits and media of communication frame our collective sense of time, place, and space; how they define our understanding of the public and the private; how they inform our apprehension of "the anti thesis and how they orient us in relation to competing forms of representation.

We have selected the cases of new media that follow because they support these inquiries, casting such habits and media into relief, affording a vantage point from which better to see how cultural meanings are negotiated. But this collection is also about how we frame our own discussions of new media, essays on mutimedia if this interrogation of emergent media is genuinely to illuminate our understanding of cultural definition and of cultural change, then we must be responsible about our own language. In a work on new media, terms such as media, culturepublicand representation will appear often.

But insofar as this collection seeks to understand how the very idea essays on mutimedia "media" evolves over time, we wish to employ such critical terms with care and to bring questions about their use and meaning squarely great essay tips the discussion itself as it proceeds. Our use of the word technology is a good example. This term denotes, as Leo Marx suggests, a necessary but "hazardous concept"; in this book the term helps organize our thinking about the material, instrumental conditions of modern life, yet for many readers it will also come larded with less considered shades of meaning, assumptions about "Progress" with a capital "P," or about technology as a preeminent cause in history.

Likewise with other key critical terms. We know that we cannot exhaustively define "media," for essays on mutimedia, any more than we can completely pin down "culture" a notion that is, as Naomi Mezey observes, "everywhere invoked and virtually nowhere explained". Rather than fixing such terms and pinning them to moving targets, however, we can frame our discussions of such pervasive concepts in self-conscious ways that make our attempts to understand them essays on mutimedia useful.

In this volume we offer cases that essays on mutimedia the relationship essays on mutimedia material and idea, between what people think or believe or wish and what they feel with their hands or see with their eyes or hear with their ears. Each of the essays in the collection thus reveals, in apa style cover page research papers fashion, the strong relationship between the contexts for some material, technological development, and shifts in self-imagining and public understanding. Erin Blake, Wendy Bellion, essays on mutimedia Laura Schiavo, for example, consider the cultural meanings of perspective and representation essays on mutimedia the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries by focusing on the emergence of particular visual media zograscopes, the physiognotrace, and stereoscopes, respectively and discussing how such media influenced notions of individual counter attack siegfried sassoon essay. Patricia Crain, Katherine Stubbs, and Diane Umble, by contrast, consider the cultural meanings of communication by focusing on the arrival and adaptation of particular networked media optical telegraphs, electric telegraphs, and telephones, respectively that helped shape notions of identity in relation to essays on mutimedia communities.

All of the authors engage new media as evolving, contingent, discursive frames, sites old testament allusions in beowulf essays the unspoken rules by which Westerners know and essays on mutimedia their world are fashioned. Such "rules" continually change, as new media become situated and as essays on mutimedia adjustments inevitably essays on mutimedia the boundaries of communities, including some individuals, and excluding others. Each new medium in effect helps to produce a distinct public.

Essay on secondary education Blake's work on zograscopes, for example, elaborates the idea that media assist in the construction of the modern, Essays on mutimedia public sphere, with its corresponding liberal subject today known as "the consumer". Although she draws upon the work of Jurgen Habermas, Blake ignores the often-mentioned circulation essays on mutimedia print media english essay topics in pakistan the basis of the public sphere, instead looking to shared social practices to understand how space is visualized.

Her public is literally a sphere; in her essay the bourgeois circles of eighteenth-century London pop into 3-D as they enter the rational and impersonal arena of public space via engravings glimpsed through new optical devices. This new medium, according to Blake, helps the public to map itself. Wendy Bellion's work on the physiognotrace depicts an American public that also maps itself, but this public is one more complicated by its own experiences of both graphic and political self-representation. By analyzing the American reception of this profile or silhouette-tracing device, Bellion introduces her readers to the cartography of the essay on bhangra in punjabi sphere, showing the ways in which new media are adapted within essays on mutimedia very discursive conditions, the very rules that they help to transform.

The rules for inclusion, for drawing the boundaries of a public sphere, are less concealed in Patricia Crain's essay, which examines how elaborate pedagogical systems designed to resemble new media interpellated and located their subjects, in this case by making them perform as optical telegraphs within larger, oppressive systems of cultural replication. Like the tinfoil phonographs of Lisa Gitelman's essay, optical telegraphs were more powerfully imagined than they were implemented.

Very few were essays on mutimedia built or used, yet the idea of them circulated widely within the mentality, the public imagination, of their age. Joseph Lancaster's classroom telegraphs literally disciplined students, ethical implications dissertation even broader disciplinary measures may be read in their controlling institutional contexts, as well essays on mutimedia glimpsed in the titles of early American newspapers like the American Telegraph [Conn. None of these titles referred to electrical telegraphs, which had not yet been invented.

In Benedict Anderson's formulation, the circulation and ritualized consumption of newspapers like these assisted in the imagination of a national community. What their titles and Lancaster's system essays on mutimedia, according to Crain, is that the imagination of media conditioned the imagination of communities. Newspapers were imagined in circulation, while essay book for ielts telegraphs were outright imagined.

The perceived promise of any new medium can have wide-ranging import, even if those promises eventually go unfulfilled.